Retinoids are derived from vitamin A and are our go-to for anti-ageing. There are 4 different types of retinoids, including retinyl esters, retinol, retinaldehyde, and retinoic acid. The most common form of retinoids used in many cosmeceutical formulations are retinyl esters, retinaldehyde and retinol, which majority of us have heard of in passing.
Retinoids work by attaching to receptors on the outside of our skin cells called ‘retinoic acid receptors’ to promote new cell growth, differentiation and speeding up cellular turnover which is the process that allows surface dead skin cells to shed off revealing healthy new skin cells and fading existing pigmentation. Consistent use will improve the overall texture of the skin and stimulate cells in our skin called fibroblasts which are responsible for producing collagen and elastin in our skin and keeping our skin looking plump and firm. This hero product does it all!
While retinoids are amazing and you probably want to start using them right away, you want to make sure you introduce them slowly. Our recommendation would be to start applying them every third night to begin with for the first 2 weeks and then increasing the frequency to alternating nights, only if your skin can tolerate it. While using retinoids, a broad spectrum sunscreen must be applied daily to protect the skin as they can make us more sensitive to UV rays.